Nashik is known as the land of farmers.Have a look which different types of crops are grown in the land.
Rice and Jowar are the main kharif crops of Nashik district. Cotton and
groundnuts are also grown here. Bajra is the main crop in the eastern
parts, especially in Malegaon, Baglan, Yeola, Nandgaon and Chandwad talukas.
Rice is mainly grown in the western parts of the district - Igatpuri,
Peth, Nashik and Surgana talukas. Jowar is grown on a large scale in Malegaon,
Nandgaon, Baglan, Chandwad and Kalvan talukas though it is common in other
talukas also. This crop is grown on a large
Jowar, wheat and gram are grown in the district during Rabbi season. Jowar is common in almost all the talukas. However, in Yeole, Dindori, Sinnar and Kalvan talukas, it is grown on a larger scale. Wheat is grown in Dindori, Niphad, Baglan, Yeola and Nashik talukas. Gram is grown in all the talukas.
Nashik is known as 'Grape City'. Nashik district is known for certain irrigated crops like Sugarcane, Grapes Onions and other vegetables. Sugarcane is the main irrigated crop of the district. Niphad, Baglan, Yeola, Malegaon and Sinner talukas produce large quantities of sugarcane.
Grapes : Nashik, Niphad, Dindori and Kalvan talukas have many vineyards.
Onions is grown in plenty in Lasalgaon, Niphad, Nashik, Sinner and Malegaon areas.
Vegetables : Brinjal, Cabbage,
Cauliflower, Tomato, Cucumber, Carrot, Potato and Coriander are some of
the vegetables grown in the district.
Export Potential of Nashik Onions
India produces around 40 lakh metric tons (mts) of onion annually and is the 2nd largest onion producer in the world , first being China. India doubled its production during the past two decades, raising from the order of 20 lakh metric tons in 1974 - 75 to 40 lakh metric tons in 1994 - 95. The yield per hectare has however remained static at 10.5 mts per hectare. That means the rise in production was due to coverage of more area in onion cultivation from the level of1.95 lakh hectares to 3.84 lakh hectares during 1994 - 95. It is an indicator that earnings from onion production have increased over the years.
The share of Maharashtra in the production of onion is around 30% of the countryís production, producing around 12 lakh mts annually in recent years. In Maharashtra , Nashik district contributes 35 to 40 % of the stateís production. The other major onion producing districts of Maharashtra are Pune, Ahmednagar, Satara, Sholapur and Dhulia.
Indiaís onion export has made
a gradual growth during the last four and half decades. In 1951-52 India
exported a quantity
of 56,986 Mts valued at Rs. 10.67 crores. The export has for the first
time crossed the half million mts mark, during 1996-97,
as the export went un to 5.15 lakh mts, valued at Rs. 332.27 crores, which
is an increase by nine times over the
past 45 years.
The study of the following figures of the exports from Mumbai Port makes an interesting assessment with regard to onion export from Nashik/ Pune region.
Export of onion from Mumbai
during 1994-95 to 1996-97
Consumers in the importing countries have traditionally developed special taste and liking for Nashik onion due to its pungency, flavour and colour. These qualities have had an added advantage for Nashik onion in the export market. Moreover
it has longer shelf life compared to other onion varieties grown in other parts of India.
The onion harvested during
October-December is Kharif crop, January-March is Rangada Crop and of
April-May is called
National Agricultural Co-operative
Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED) came into onion export as back
as in 1965
when small consignments were exported to Sri Lanka. This export was continued
to other countries also and due to NAFEDís
increasing role in this trade, Government of India canalised onion export
to Malaysia and Singapore during 1974
and to all destinations during 1975. Since then the canalization of export
of onion has been remaining with NAFED. Under the
One of the other notable role
played by NAFED is the market intervention operation, when
onion price crashed down to unreasonable
level. One such major market intervention was undertaken under the Government
of India and the State Government Scheme in 1989-90 when NAFED, along
with engaging several co-operative marketing societies procured over
Onion has now become a cash crop which is in demand in export market throughout the year as well as in the entire country. No wonder, therefore, the days of sales of onion by farmers at throw away prices of Rs 40-50 per quintal have gone. Onion prices have recently gone up as high as Rs. 900.00 per quintal loose for Fair Average Quality (GAQ). In the peak season of April - May, FAQ onion has been fetching a price of Rs. 200 to 250 per quintal and as high as Rs. 400 to 900 per quintle during the off season of July-October.
The qualitative and quantitative improvement in both production and marketing over the years has established onion cultivation as a safe source of earning to farmers and to internal traders and exporters.
Export of Onion from India
has increased from 169771 tones in 1981-82, worth Rs. 29.43 crores to
515000 tons approximately
worth Rs. 332.27 crores in 1996-97. This will give a clear idea of the
growth in onion export from India.
Site developed, hosted and maintained by Cybertech Networks Pvt Ltd , Nashik
Send mail to email@example.com with questions or comments about this web site
Copyright © 1999 Cybertech Networks Pvt Ltd
All Rights Reserved Worldwide